The Westminster Confession of Faith — Chapters 6 & 8


Chapter 6: Of the Fall of Man, of Sin, and the Punishment thereof

Chapter 8: Of Christ the Mediator


Saturday, September 7th, 2019

ACP — A Crooked Path

Reprinted from: The Westminster Confession of Faith



Chapter 6

Of the Fall of Man, of Sin, and of the Punishment thereof


Our first parents, being seduced by the subtilty and temptation of Satan, sinned, in eating the forbidden fruit. (1) This their sin, God was pleased, according to His wise and holy counsel, to permit, having purposed to order it to His own glory. (2)

(1) Genesis 3:13; 2 Corinthians 11:3.

(2) Romans 11:32.


II. By this sin they fell from their original righteousness and communion with God, (3) and so became dead in sin, (4) and wholly defiled in all the parts and faculties of soul and body. (5)

(3) Genesis 3:6,7,8; Ecclesiastes 7:29; Romans 3:23.

(4) Genesis 2:17; Ephesians 2:1.

(5) Titus 1:15; Genesis 6:5; Jeremiah 17:9; Romans 3:10-18.


III. They being the root of all mankind, the guilt of this sin was imputed;(6) and the same death in sin, and corrupted nature, conveyed to all their posterity descending from them by ordinary generation.(7)

(6) Genesis1:27,28 and Genesis 2:16,17 and Acts 17:26 with Romans 5:12,15-19 and 1 Corinthians 15:21,22,45-49.

(7) Psalm 51:5; Genesis 5:3; Job 15:14.


IV. From this original corruption, whereby we are utterly indisposed, disabled, and made opposite to all good,(8) and wholly inclined to all evil,(9) do proceed all actual transgressions.

(8) Romans 5:6; Romans 8:7; Romans 7:18; Colossians 1:21.

(9) Genesis 6:5; Genesis 8:21; Romans 3:10,11,12.

(10) James 1:14,15; Ephesians 2:2.3; Matthew 15:19.


V. This corruption of nature, during this life, doth remain in those that are regenerated;(11) and although it be, through Christ, pardoned, and mortified; yet both itself, and all the motions thereof, are truly and properly sin.(12)

(11) 1 John 8:10; Romans 7:14,17,18,23; James 3:2; Proverbs 20:9; Ecclesiastes 7:20.

(12) Romans 7:5,7,8,,25; Galatians 5:17.


VI. Every sin, both original and actual, being a transgression of the righteous law of God, and contrary thereunto,(13) doth, in its own nature, bring guilt upon the sinner,(14) whereby he is bound over to the wrath of God,(15) and curse of the law,(16) and so made subject to death,(17) with all miseries spiritual,(18), temporal,(19) and eternal.(20)

(13) John 3:4.

(14) Romans 2:15; Romans 3:9-19.

(15) Ephesans 2:3.

(16) Galatians 3:10.

(17) Romans 6:23.

(18) Ephesians 4:18.

(19) Romans 8:20; Lamentations 3:39.

(20) Matthew 25:41; 2 Thessalonians 1:9.

Chapter 8

Of Christ the Mediator


it pleased God, in His eternal purpose, to choose and ordain the Lord Jesus, His only begotten Son, to be the Mediator between God and man,(1) the Prophet,(2) Priest,(3) and King,(4) the Head and Saviour of His Church,(5) the Heir of all things,(6) and Judge of the world:(7) unto whom He did from all eternity give a people to be His seed,(8) and to be by Him in time redeemed, called, justified, sanctified, and glorified.(9)

(1) Isaiah 42:1; 1 Peter 1:19,20; John 3:16; 1 Timothy 2:5.

(2) Acts 3:22.

(3) Hebrews 5:5,6.

(4) Psalm 2:6; Luke 1:33.

(5) Ephesians 5:23.

(6) Hebrews 1:2.

(7) Acts 17:31.

(8) John 17:6; Psalm 22:30; Isaiah 53:10.

(9) 1 Timothy 2:6; Isaiah 55:4.5; 1 Corinthians 1:30.


II. the Son of God, the second person in the Trinity, being very and eternal God, of one substance and equal with the Father, did, when the fulness of time was come, take upon Him man’s nature,(10) with all the essential properties and common infirmities thereof, yet without sin;(11) being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost, in the womb of the virgin Mary, of her substance.(12) So that two whole, perfect, and distinct natures, the Godhead and the manhood, were inseparably joined together in one person, without conversion, composition, or confusion.(13) Which person is very God, and very man, yet one Christ, the only Mediator between God and man.(14)

(10) John 1:1,14; 1 John 5:20; Philippians 2:6; Galatians 4:4.

(11) Hebrews 2:14,16,17; Hebrews 4:15.

(12) Luke 1:27,31,35; Galatians 4:4.

(13) Luke 1:35; Colossians 2:9; Romans 9:5; 1 Peter 3:18; 1 Timothy 3:16.

(14) Romans 1:3,4; 1 Timothy 2:5.


III. The Lord Jesus, in His human nature thus united to the divine, was sanctified, and anointed with the Holy Spirit, above measure,(15) having in Him all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge;(16) in whom it pleased the Father that all fulness should dwell;(17) to the end that, being holy, harmless, undefiled, and full of grace and truth,(18) He might be throughly finished to execute the office of a mediator, and surety.(19) Which office He took not unto Himself, but was thereunto called by His Father,(20) who put all power and judgment into His hand, and gave Him commandment to execute the same.(21)

(15) Psalm 45:7 with John 3:34.

(16) Colossians 2:3.

(17) Colossians 1:19.

(18) Hebrews 7:26; John 1:14.

(19) Acts 10:38; Hebrews 12:24; Hebrews 7:22.

(20) Hebrews 5:4,5.

(21) John 5:22,27; Matthew 28:18; Acts 2:36.


IV. This office the Lord Jesus did most willingly undertake;(22) which that He may discharge, He was made under the law,(23) and did perfectly fulfil it;(24) endured most grievous torments immediately in His soul,(25) and most painful sufferings in His body;(26) was crucified, and died;(27) was buried, and remained under the power of death, yet saw no corruption.(28) On the third day He arose from the dead,(29) with the same body in which He suffered,(30) with which also He ascended into heaven, and there sitteth at the right hand of His Father,(31) making intercession,(32) and shall return to judge men and angels, at the end of this world.(33)

(22) Psalm 40:7,8 with Hebrews 10:5-10; John 10:18; Philippians 2:8.

(23) Galatians 4:4.

(24) Matthew 3:15; Matthew 5:17.

(25) Matthew 26:37,38; Luke 22:44; Matthew 27:46.

(26) Matthew 26; Matthew 27.

(27) Philippians 2:8.

(28) Acts 2:23,24,27 and Acts 13:37; Romans 6:9.

(29) 1 Corinthians 15:3,4,5.

(30) john 20:25,27.

(31) Mark 16:19.

(32) Romans 8:34; Hebrews 9:24; Hebrews 7:25.

(33) Romans 14:9,10; Acts 1:11; Acts 10:42; Matthew 13:40,41,42; Jude 6; 2 Peter 2:4.


V. The Lord Jesus, by His perfect obedience, and sacrifice of Himself, which He, through the eternal Spirit, once offered up unto God, hath fully satisfied the justice of His Father;(34) and purchased, not only reconciliation, but an everlasting inheritance in the kingdom of heaven, for all those whom the Father hath given unto Him.(35)

(34) Romans 5:19; Hebrews 9:14,16; Hebrews 10:14; Ephesians 5:2; Romans 3:25,26.

(35) Daniel 9:24,26; Colossians 1:19,20; Ephesians 1:11,14; John 17:2; Hebrews 9:12,15.


VI. Although the work of redemption was not actually wrought by Christ till after His incarnation, yet the virtue, efficacy, and benefits thereof were communicated unto the elect, in all ages successively from the beginning of the world, in and by those promises, types, and sacrifices, wherein He was revealed, and signified to be the seed of the woman which should bruise the serpent’s head; and the Lamb slain from the beginning of the world; being yesterday and to-day the same, and for ever.(36)

(36) Galatians 4:4,5; Genesis 3:15; Revelation 13:8; Hebrews 13:8.


VII. Christ, in the work of mediation, acteth according to both natures, by each nature doing that which is proper to itself;(37) yet, by reason of the unity of the person, that which is proper to one nature is sometimes in Scripture attributed to the person denominated by the other nature.(38)

(37) Hebrews 9:14; 1 Peter 3:18.

(38) Acts 20:28; John 3:13; 1 John 3:16.


VIII. To all those for whom Christ hath purchased redemption, He doth certainly and effectually apply and communicate the same;(39) making intercession for them,(40) and revealing unto them, in and by the Word, the mysteries of salvation;(41) effectually persuading them by His Spirit to believe and obey, and governing their hearts by His Word and Spirit;(42) overcoming all the enemies by His almighty power and wisdom, in such manner, and ways, as are most consonant to His wonderful and unsearchable dispensation.(43)

(39) John 6:37,39; John 10:15,16.

(40) 1 John 2:1,2; Romans 8:34.

(41) John 15:13,15; Ephesians 1:7,8,9; John 17:6.

(42) John 14:16; Hebrews 12:2; 2 Corinthians 4:13; Romans 8:9,14; romans 15:18,19; John 17:17.

(43) Psalm 110:1; 1 Corinthians 15:25,26; Malachi 4:2.3; Colossians 2:15.